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What is a Forest Garden and Forest Gardening?

 

Forest gardening is a low-maintenance sustainable plant-based food production and agroforestry system based on woodland ecosystems, incorporating fruit and nut trees, shrubs, herbs, vines and perennial vegetables which have yields directly useful to humans. Making use of companion planting, these can be intermixed to grow in a succession of layers, to build a woodland habitat.

Forest gardening is a prehistoric method of securing food in tropical areas. In the 1980s, Robert Hart coined the term "forest gardening" after adapting the principles and applying them to temperate climates.[1]

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forest_gardening

  

"Instead of neat rows of monoculture, forest gardens mix a diverse range of (often) food producing plants that nourish each other, use different nutrients from the soil, and make the best use of space available. Crucially, they also rarely leave the soil bare..."

 

Source: http://www.treehugger.com/lawn-garden/what-forest-garden.html

       Cheryl Ann Williamson's World Forest Garden: https://www.facebook.com/CommonThreadsWorldGarden 

 Forest Gardening

Forest gardening is a low-maintenance sustainable plant-based food production and agroforestry system based on woodland ecosystems, incorporating fruit and nut trees, shrubs, herbs, vines and perennial vegetables which have yields directly useful to humans. Making use of companion planting, these can be intermixed to grow in a succession of layers, to build a woodland habitat.

Forest gardening is a prehistoric method of securing food in tropical areas. In the 1980s, Robert Hart coined the term "forest gardening" after adapting the principles and applying them to temperate climates.[1]

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forest_gardening

Cheryl Ann Williamson's World Forest Garden, Designed by Cheryl Ann Williamson and Matthew Stephens for Sacred Ecology Design, 2013-1015

Cheryl Ann Williamson's World Forest Garden, Designed by Cheryl Ann Williamson and Matthew Stephens for Sacred Ecology Design, 2013-1015

 

 

 Robert Hart

Robert Adrian de Jauralde Hart (1 April 1913 – 7 March 2000) was the pioneer of forest gardening in temperate zones. He created a model forest garden from a 0.12 acre (500 m²) orchard on his farm.[1] He credits the inspiration for his work to an article by James Sholto Douglas, which was in turn inspired by the work of Toyohiko Kagawa.[1]

A forest garden is an edible landscape consisting of seven dimensions;

A 'canopy' layer consisting of the original mature fruit trees.

A 'low-tree' layer of smaller nut and fruit trees on dwarfing root stocks.

A 'shrub layer' of fruit bushes such as currants and berries.

A 'herbaceous layer' of perennial vegetables and herbs.

A 'ground cover' layer of edible plants that spread horizontally.

A 'rhizosphere' or 'underground' dimension of plants grown for their roots and tubers.

A vertical 'layer' o

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Hart_%28horticulturist%29 

             

 Hales Franciscan Food Forest and Forest Garden Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/halesfranciscanfoodforest



 

 

  Hales Franciscan Food Forest Forest Garden, Designed by Matthew Anthony Stephens and Cheryl Ann Williamson for Sacred Ecology Design

 

  

 Hales Franciscan Forest Garden, September 2015 - Designed by Matthew Stephens and Cheryl Ann Williamson for Sacred Ecology Design

April 2014 - Forest Garden Site Before Planting

 

Pathway Designed by Matthew Stephens and Bonnie Borucki, Berkeley, California - January 2017